Saturday, May 23, 2020
Analysis of the Main Strengths and Weaknesses of MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s Sociological Thought Ã¢â¬Å"The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class strugglesÃ¢â¬ Marx and Engels (1967, p.67) Born in 1818, Karl Marx, using his philosophical and socialist ideas, attempted to show how conflict and struggle in social development were important in the development of a society. The works of Marx were influenced by three distinct intellectual traditions: German idealist philosophy, French socialism and British political economy. German idealist philosophy is an approach based on the thesis that only the mind and its content really exist. This philosophy maintains that it is through the advance ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦land, animals, tools etc which are a necessary means of survival in order to produce food, shelter and clothing. These are called the forces of production. Together with the relations of production between the workers and those who owned the forces of production, this resulted in the mode of production. All human beings must employ the forces of production in order to meet basic economic needs. However, there has always been one class of persons who ha ve owned the means of production. Marx argued that it is this ownership which leads to the most essential fact of materialist theory of history which is the division of society into economic classes.(Morrison, 1995). Marx saw societies as social systems which could be divided into two parts: the economic base and the superstructure. The economic base contained a particular mode of production as well as the economy and class relations. It is also the foundation upon which superstructures of political, legal, and social institutions are built. The economic base is also the basis of various forms of consciousness and knowledge. According to Marx, political views and cultural ideas simply reflect economic divisions and struggles. Relating to the issue of exploitation, the economic base Ã¢â¬â the exploitative way it produces its goods Ã¢â¬â creates the superstructure Ã¢â¬â its non economic institutions and systemsShow MoreRelatedThe Core Concepts Of Sociology1578 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe core concepts of sociology are a combination of original theories with improved sociological approaches that build upon them over time. Sociology utilizes three main theories to approach the study of soc iety with different focus points that result in different outcomes. Furthermore, as stated by Robert Faris and William Form from britannica Ã¢â¬Å"The early schools of thought each presented a systematic formulation of sociology that implied possession of exclusive truth and that involved a convictionRead MoreThe Sociological Explanations for Class Inequality Essay example1268 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Sociological Explanations for Class Inequality There is much debate in sociology about whether class is still important. Many argue that class is no longer important as an individuals identity and life chances are based more status and cultural factors such as lifestyle, values, intelligence, education and the like, the post-modernists state that class has ceased to be the prime determinant of identity and suggest that societies are now organised around consumptionRead MoreMajor Theoretical Sociological Perspectives: Similarities and Differences2432 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesMajor Theoretical Sociological Perspectives: Similarities and Differences Sociology: the scientific study of the development, structure and functioning of human society (Oxford). When the topic of discussion is sociology, Auguste Comte, the Ã¢â¬Å"father of positivismÃ¢â¬ would come to mind, as it was he who first coined the term Ã¢â¬Å"sociologyÃ¢â¬ (Kreis, 2009). Comte also emphasized that the study of society must be scientific and he pushed sociologists to employ the use of qualitative methods such as observationRead MoreThe Writings Of Karl Marx2063 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesbeginnings. Each of their theories are complex and require thorough analysis in order to fully understand their point of view. How social class is obtained in the United States is the question being posed. I will discuss which theory I personally think is best and most applicable to our modern society. I will thoroughly compare and contrast the works of Marx, Weber, and Durkheim; along with pointing out strengths and weaknesses in all three. It is first important to understand the meaning of socialRead MoreEssay on Sociology- Culture and Identity3293 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesCULTURE AND IDENTITY This essay will aim to critically analyse and evaluate the contribution of modern and post modern perspectives to a sociological understanding of culture and identity. This will be achieved by analysing similarities and differences between three contrasting sociological theories and evaluating their strengths and weaknesses. Studies will be included as the debate is developed further and their contributions will also be explained. Culture is defined simply as the way of lifeRead MoreHealth and Social Care Issues: Social Model vs Medical Model Essay4587 Words Ã |Ã 19 PagesPlease explore what is meant by the terms social model and medical model. Describe an aspect of sociological theory and explore how it impacts and influences the delivery of Health and Social Care. In this essay, the terms social model and medical model will be explored. Then, aspects of sociological theory and how it influences the delivery of health and social care will be explored Health is difficult to define but fairly easy to spot when we actually see it. According to the World HealthRead MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words Ã |Ã 922 Pagesorganizing and reflecting on both formal and informal structures, and in this respect you will find this book timely, interesting and valuable. Peter Holdt Christensen, Associate Professor, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark McAuley et al.Ã¢â¬â¢s book is thought-provoking, witty and highly relevant for understanding contemporary organizational dilemmas. The book engages in an imaginative way with a wealth of organizational concepts and theories as well as provides insightful examples from the practical worldRead MoreRastafarian79520 Words Ã |Ã 319 Pagesthey contribute to the routinization of Rastafari in Jamaica. The nature of this book dictates a heavy reliance on documentary analysis. My focus is interpretation not ethnography. Therefore, I have not sought to generate primary data on the movement but to analyze and re-analyze the growing body of scholarly and popular literature on the movement, including sociological and anthropological studies, biographies, monographs, dissertations, published and unpublished essays, and periodical articlesRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words Ã |Ã 656 Pageslamentable. Taken together, the key themes and processes that have been selected as the focus for each of the eight essays provide a way to conceptualize the twentieth century as a coherent unit for teaching, as well as for written narrative and analysis. Though they do not exhaust the crucial strands of historical development that tie the century togetherÃ¢â¬âone could add, for example, nationalism and decolonizationÃ¢â¬âthey cover in depth the defining phenomena of that epoch, which, as the essays demonstrate
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Personal Philosophy of Nursing Introduction The development of a philosophy related to the profession of nursing is important in that it provides a framework for the nurse to base his/her work on. Philosophy is defined by Merriam-Webster as Ã¢â¬Å"a search for a general understanding of values and reality by chiefly speculative rather than observational meansÃ¢â¬ . In other words, philosophies are based on beliefs and assumptions with an overall goal of obtaining an objective which states the nurseÃ¢â¬â¢s purpose in the profession. In my undergraduate nursing program I was exposed to multiple nursing concepts that guided my practice. Coupled with my ten years of experience in the nursing field, I was enabled to formulate my own framework or guide to nursing. The paradigm which resonates with me the most is the interactive-integrative perspective as it views practice Ã¢â¬Å"as having multiple, interrelated parts in relation to a specific context.Ã¢â¬ (Newman, Sime, Corcoran-Perry, 1991, p.38). My framework include s three main components: the client, the professional nurse, and the nurse-client relationship. Client Most important to my philosophy of nursing is the health and well-being of the entity seeking nursing care. To further define, nursing can be called upon to treat not only one individual, but a group of individuals, or a community. In my personal experience, I have worked almost exclusively with one individual, however I feel my philosophy could be applied to groups andShow MoreRelatedPersonal Nursing Philosophy : My Personal Philosophy Of Nursing1475 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPersonal Philosophy of Nursing When one thinks of a nurse they often think of a caring, compassionate, knowledgeable individual. They donÃ¢â¬â¢t often think that every nurse comes from different situation, past experiences, and life changing events that make nurses who he or she is. Everyone on this earth is unique and has something to contribute. The same goes for patients. Each patient has a different background and have different interests which make them who they are. In order to give the optimalRead MorePersonal Nursing Philosophy : My Personal Philosophy Of Nursing1190 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPersonal Philosophy of Nursing Megan A. Farrell Moberly Area Community College Introduction I, Megan Farrell, am currently a Licensed Practical Nurse at a treatment center that works with prisoners. I accepted a clinical positon here as a graduate, but plan to work in a hospital setting once I have become a Registered Nurse working in the Intensive Care Unit. I quickly worked my way up the latter from the clinic nurse to the Chronic Care nurse and I am quite passionate about furtherRead MoreMy Nursing Philosophy : My Personal Philosophy Of Nursing1093 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPhilosophy is a distinct disciple on its own right, and all disciplines can claim their own philosophical bases that form guidelines for their goalÃ¢â¬ (Meleis, 2012, p. 28). In simpler terms, philosophy is your worldview and thought process of life. Our philosophy transcends into our beliefs and valuesÃ¢â¬â¢, examining our philosophy allows us to discover what is important to us and helps define priorities and goals (Meleis, 2012, p.28). Being aware of our philosophy creates individuality in each personRead MoreNursing Philosophy : My Personal Philosophy Of Nursing932 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMy Philosophy of Nursing My personal philosophy of nursing began at an early age watching my mother volunteer for 25 years on the local rescue squad, following in the footsteps of her mother. I learned that helping others in a time of need should always be a priority. Respect and dignity should always be shown to people, no matter the who they are or where they are from. I have and will continue to show compassion for others while administering professional holistic care, guided by the AmericanRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Nursing1304 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMy Personal Nursing Philosophy A nursing philosophy is concepts or values that a nurse embraces within his/her practice and allows these concepts and values to shape the way he/she practices nursing and drives the purpose of their nursing care. It is important for each nurse to develop his/her philosophy of nursing to be a purpose driven nurse. Each nurse will have his/her own nurse philosophy because each believes differently. Nursing philosophies might come from different understandings butRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Nursing1053 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThis aforementioned are the podium upon which the value and philosophies of the success of each profession is based. These philosophies and values do not operate in a vacuum. They influence the way which professionals carry out their day to day activities for maximum success. Consequently, Nursing and Nurses are not immune to the great influence of values and philosophies, be it at personal or corporate levels. This is because, nursing as a profession d eals with the constant interaction with patients;Read MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Nursing949 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMy Personal Philosophy of Nursing My inspiration to pursue a career in Nursing began at a young age, after reading the biography of Florence Nightingale. I was in middle school, and intrigued at her courage, and dedication to care for the sick. As I entered college, and into a formal nursing education program, I still viewed nursing as, the care provided to another in need. Without my knowing, I was developing a philosophy of nursing for myself. As the years passed, I began to realize that nursingRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Nursing1676 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfamous philosophies and a personal nursing philosophy is presented, including the personal definitions of the four phenomena of nursing namely person, environment, health, and nursing. The said philosophy will then be compared to other professionally-acclaimed philosophies. Included in the discussion is the importance of a nurseÃ¢â¬â¢s role in providing health care to persons, family, and the society and how it is able to address problems in the face of cultural and spiritual differences. Personal PhilosophyRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Nursing1081 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRunning head: PERSONAL PHILOSOPHY OF NURSING 1 PERSONAL PHILOSOPHY OF NURSING 6 Personal Philosophy of Nursing Caroline Thiongo BSN V Millers College of Nursing Abstract This paper explores my personal nursing philosophy that I will convey in my career of nursing. It is my belief that nursing is a commitment to public service and a desire to help those in need. Nursing is a discipline of knowledge acquired both through formal education and through life experiences. The sum of these parts continuesRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Nursing1330 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMy Personal Philosophy of Nursing The purpose of this essay is to depict the personal philosophy of nursing and any future aspirations I have acquired in my first semester of nursing school. Before I can create my own philosophy of nursing, I must first understand and define what philosophy is and how it relates to nursing. According toÃ the Oxford Dictionary, philosophy is Ã¢â¬Å"the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially when considered as an academic disciplineÃ¢â¬
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
If you are one of those persons who thought that you have to be an engineer by profession and academic background to be a financial engineer, you are under the wrong impression. If you are very good in mathematics and would like to take a de route to your attaining success in life without losing your flare for math, this is where you should be, and this is a tip for a career. How much can you earn? It depends on you. We will write a custom essay sample on Tips for a Career: Financial Analyst and Financial Engineering or any similar topic only for you Order Now A wizard can earn to his heartÃ¢â¬â¢s content it looks like because financial engineering deals with predictive modeling in investment andÃ financial analysis. Now you can guess why the investors and financial institutionÃ¢â¬â¢s chief executives wish that they had paid more attention to their math classes. If you are a young aspiring person yet to bloom here are some tips for building a lucrative career for yourself. If you would like to make it all the way to the Wall Street lucrative jobs and be there offering advice on one what to buy or when to buy, or, what to sell and when to sell, or, go to top in investment banking a financial analyst career can help you get there. Just imagine if you can do the modeling and are also very efficient analyst you could be walking on the golden path laughing all the way to your bank DonÃ¢â¬â¢t wonder why I have combined these two. I see analysts with weakness in model building and custom software generation today. Similarly I also see that quite fewfinancial engineersÃ are not comfortable with the analysis part. Therefore, there can be bright future including entrepreneur possibilities for a person who develops expertise in both areas. If you are an ambitious person interested in this line read on these tips for a career in this field. Current total employment potential for financial advisorÃ¢â¬â¢s career is well above 200,000 with a predicted growth of 41 percent. What is financial engineering? Financial engineering is involves application of financial theory, the methods of financing, and tools of mathematics, computation and the practice of programming to achieve the desired end results. Financial engineering can help create new and enhanced products out of existing financial instruments. Financial engineers can help create the most effective bundles out of products and investment portfolios out of existingÃ investment alternativesÃ and their predicted outcomes and associated risks. Thus if an investment company or wealth management bank wants to advise its clients, it needs financial engineering due to the multi various investment alternatives available. Similarly if an insurance company wants to know what is the best way to put two or three types of insurance covers and sell as a brand both to increase sales and profits financial engineer can help. Sounds exciting? Yes, it is, a financial engineer can earn millions if he or she gets commissions. What is financial Analyst Financial analysts keep themselves up to date with macroeconomic environment and also analyze the balance sheet and other relevant information related companies to write reports and give advice on buying and selling of stocks, or future financial strategies companies should adopt, or make investments that they can make. They usually specialize in some area depending on the organization they work for. They may be working for bank, buy side or sell side investment companies and insurance companies and investment banks Tips for a career- the qualification required for a career as financial engineer or Financial Analyst The diversity is quite high. After an undergraduate degree with a good grade point one can work for MBA with financial engineering as one specialization, or a Master of Financial Engineering (MFE) or MA in Mathematical Finance or M. SC in Financial Engineering. It would help a lot if you have taken enough mathematics and computer courses. In some schools the termÃ computational financeÃ is also used to denote financial engineering. You have to be cautious in making the right choice and you need to be pretty clear on whether you would like to work for an industry or get into academics. To be in academics you will need a PH. D too. This is not to imply that PH. D is not useful for industry jobs. For example a Hedge fund financial engineer in a trading firm job needs would be like knowing C++, SQL, Linux and Unix high frequency high frequency automated trading. He will be responsible for trading strategies and algorithm enhancement. He should define and implement data collection and acquisition matter. He should perform statistical analysis and optimize innovations and enhancement to trading models. He should be able to write functional requirements forÃ software developersand collaborate with software developers. Tips for a career as financial analyst NormallyÃ MBAÃ in finance from a reputed university would be a good to start. However Chartered Financial analyst certificate (CFA) could be great asset if not essential. For anyone not comfortable with all the technical aspects the CFA program uses it would better to start with series and series 63 exams. These programs need sponsorship from a company that is NASD member or self regulatory organizationhttp://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/General_Securities_Representative_Exam In addition to MBA finance or MFE it would be advisable to get a CFA, Chartered Financial analyst certificate. Another program of use may be the certified International Analyst program offered by the Council for Portfolio Management and research offered by the Association Certified International Analysts, Zurich, Switzerland (links below) There are also programs offered by JP MorganÃ¢â¬â¢s chaseÃ¢â¬â¢s finance division for under grad degree holders and Deutsche bank analyst type of programs. Generally these are targeted at undergrad degree holders with finance and accounting majors. Best Graduate Programs offering MasterÃ¢â¬â¢s degrees and Doctoral degrees in Financial Engineering As mentioned above the diversity is quite high in the degree though there is a good overlap in the curriculum. The choice would depend on the reputation of the school and your planned career that is teaching, industry or banking career. The duration of the program is also different and range from 1 year to 2 years. The tuition can vary from about $74,000 for 1. 5 to 2 year program to $37,000 to $ 44,000 for one year programs. The schools given below also have excellent MBA programs with Finance specialization. The top ten lists for General Management and other specializations may be different USA programs Carnegie Mellon University Columbia University Princeton University Stanford University University of Chicago New York University University of California Berkeley Boston University Georgia Institute of technology North Carolina University University of Illinois Urbana University of Michigan Claremont Graduate School Rutgers University University of Southern California Kent State University Purdue University Best Programs outside USA Imperial College, London, UK Warwick, UK KingÃ¢â¬â¢s college, UK Birkbeck, UK City,UK ICMP reading Leeds University, UK Leicester University Liverpool Manchester Oxford University Hongkong University Hongkong Nan yang technical University, Singapore National University of Singapore Dublin University EDHEC France Ecole Polytechnique Federale De Lausanne, Switzerland Frankfurt school of finance Germany Tilburg University Netherlands Indian Schools Indian Institute of Management (IIMs) Indian Institute of technology (IITs) IFMR Chennai Indian Institute of Capital Markets Mumbai, former UT I Institute of capital markets PG Diploma Indian Institute Of Capital Markets. (Formerly UTI Institute of Capital markets), P B No:99, UTI house, plot no:82 Sector-17,vashi,Navi mumbai-400705. Phone:022-27892815/16 Salary ranges for Financial engineers In USA Financial engineer salary at level is about $63000 to $101,000 Financial Engineer salary is about $86,000 to 116,000 Manager Financial engineering salary is in the range $144,000 to 156,000 In UK is about pounds 38,000 Salary ranges for Financial Analysts holding CFA certification USA Portfolio Manger $80,000-$149,000 Financial Analyst 48000-$73,000 Senior Financial analyst $66249-$96000 Financial securities investment analyst $ 67000-97000 Chief Financial Officer $100,000 Ã¢â¬â $ 198000 UK Pounds 36000 With pounds 40000 Australia Financial Analyst, A$ 60,000-80,000 Financial/ securities/investment analyst A$ 50,000 Ã¢â¬â $ 90,000 India Financial analyst Rs 269,000 Ã¢â¬â Rs 700,000 Senior Financial analyst Rs 500,000- Rs100,000 Financial/securities /investment analyst Rs 500,000 Ã¢â¬â Rs 100,000 Common Employers Trading houses, Corporate Finance Divisions, Banks, Insurance Companies Tips on Career planning In financial engineering You need to be clear in goals. The Master of Finance program and financial engineering are not same. There is heavy math, C++ use and Monte Carlo in financial engineering. This is not done in finance programs. Some of the applied math programs are now financial engineering programs. Putting it simply, Mathematical finance is theoretical, quantitative finance is program oriented and financial engineering seems to fit in between, Thus you could be fine for teaching with mathematical finance but not for trading firms and industry. In teaching too you may experience limitations. The program designers donÃ¢â¬â¢t readily see the difference. Best is to compare the courses. In India it is best to do it in best Business schools preferably IIMs. In my view IIM Kolkata has perhaps the best program. Indian School of Business offers some executive programs for those unable to get into the best financial engineering programs because of lack of adequate experience, or commerce background it may better to join IT company or consulting company and enter banking and capital markets domain. Alternately one can try brokerage and trading firms and may be you will make it to Wall Street to earn the big bucks. The path is hard and needs lot of dedication and hard work. Good luck. I would recommend financial engineering programs for engineers and anyone with strong math background. If you are a typical commerce graduate you might find it hard and it may be advisable to stay on the financial analysis side with proper certifications and a well designed specialization based on where you want to work, like the sell side or buy side and trading or investment banking. For anyone planning to continue as financial analysts and depend on ready software packages MBA finance and certified financial analyst should be adequate. Certified public accountant or Chartered accountancy with CFA may work but itÃ¢â¬â¢s not the best. For someone who likes to have full flexibility in developing IT for financial analysis and be well rounded with plans for a IT start up, a combination of MFE with CFA can do well. These are essential tips for a career as a financial analyst or financial engineer Useful links ttp://gmatclub. com/forum/2009-best-financial-engineering-math-finance-ranking-86796. html http://www. global-derivatives. com/index. php/further-education-othermenu-36/55-quantitative-masters-programs-complete-list#Australasia links for CFA program in USA and India http://ace3levels. com/_mgxroot/page_10737. html http://www. cfainstitute. org/about/locations/asiapac/Pages/cfa_institute_in_india. aspx CIIA Switzerland:Ã http://www. cpmrindia. org/welcome_mess age. asp India:Ã http://www. cpmrindia. org/ciia. asp How to cite Tips for a Career: Financial Analyst and Financial Engineering, Essay examples
Saturday, May 2, 2020
Question: Discuss About The Management Leadership For Administrators? Answer: Introduction Patient engagement in their care and healthcare decision-making is one of the most important ways by which they can be empowered and their satisfaction can be increased. This would include maintaining a culture in the healthcare organization that will prioritize and support patients engagement. This can be ensured by establishing an active collaboration between patients and healthcare providers through designing, managing and achieving positive health outcomes (Graffigna Barello, 2015). This would involve maintaining their autonomy and dignity of the patients and including their wishes, cultural inhibitions, preferences while making care plans. This would also involve the patients skills, knowledge, capability and willingness to effectively incorporate their ideas and make themselves an active member in their healthcare decision making and also while designing their care. Patients meaningful participation and involvement in decision-making will make them highly pleased and satisfied helping in establishing trust and credibility and reducing anxiety and stress (Cene et al., 2016). Patient education: Patient education comprises of two important parts. The first part is the planned, logical as well as systematic procedure of teaching and learning which helps to make the patients learn about the their treatment procedures and providing them with information about what the treatment involves before and after. The second component mainly involves focusing on the wellness, prevention as well as health promotion that will prevent the patients and their families from getting affected again by the disorders (Coppola et al., 2016). This procedure ensures better health outcomes as the patients become fully aware of their condition. They learn to identify the risks and understand ways how to avoid any unhealthy behaviors. They also get to know the different habits that they should adapt to have healthy living. They become more responsible as they learn the procedures of improving their health conditions. This reduces chances of patient readmissions or poor quality lives. Reflection: The first step that I can take in order to ensure the above mentioned procedures of patient engagement in my practice is developing effective partnership. As a nurse, I would be stressing on developing trust among the patients and try to create relationships where both the parties are working together towards a common objective. I should effectively engage with them by using proper communication skills and solve their questions and concerns making them participate in decision-making. I would try to establish the partnership based on respecting patients dignity and autonomy emphasizing on ethics, confidentiality, trust and privacy. I should properly educate patients in simple language without using any jargons so that they can easily understand the different initiatives that they should take to be healthy. I would try to take effective feedback from the patients in order to understand that whether they are able to understand the different instructions and guidelines they had to follow . The answers of the patients will help me to know whether I have successfully been able to engage them and educate them about their care. Quality and Safety standards: One of the ten important standard of the National Safety and Quality Health Service Standards (2012) is the standard 10. It is called the preventing falls and Harm from fall Standards. With the growing population of the aged individuals in the nation due to improved medical science. However, the incidence of fall is seen to increase as population gradually ages towards 70 and above. More than 50% of the patients admitted to nursing homes, community care centers or in residential areas are seen to have suffered a fall at latest once during their course of stays in the healthcare centers (Lopez et al., 2015). Often inappropriate assessments of the risks of falls for the vulnerable patients, improper handling of the patients while assisting them in the daily activities, transferring them from beds and many others exposes the patients to falls. Therefore, healthcare professionals should be careful while caring for such vulnerable patients so that accidents do not take place. Effects if nurses do not take proper interventions: Falls not only threatens the independence of elderly individuals but also initiates a cascade of both socio-economic and individual consequences. Falls result in injury as well as readmissions or longer stays at hospitals (Soto-Varella et al., 2015). It also results in institutionalization as well as decrease in the physical functions. Loss of independence makes them suffer form anxiety, depression and similar other mental instabilities. Moreover, physical injuries that associate falls are fractures, intracranial bleeding, lacerations and hematomas. It includes pain, bruising, scratches and many other superficial wounds. Falls can result in development of fear of falling in the patients those results in self-imposed limitation of activities that in turn result in a cycle of decreasing functional ability. Ways by which falls can be prevented: Clinical evaluation and performance testing are very important to be done so that the risks of the patients of facing accidents due to fall in the future can be assessed. Therefore, those individuals who have been admitted in the hospitals due to falls or those who are vulnerable towards a fall in the healthcare centers should be tested with different fall assessment tools (Scniepp et al., 2014). For examples, if I get a patient who had already experienced a fall earlier can be evaluated to test his balance or gait issues with the basic assessment of Get-Up-and-Go Test. Here I would be testing the patient as he rises up from a standard armchair, walk 3meters in a straight line. He should be then instructed to turn, walk back to the chair and sitting back down. This would help me in detecting weakness in his lower extremity, his issues of imbalance while sitting or standing, and even unsteady gait. Similarly, other falls assessment tools would also help me identify the risks associate d with the patients. I will develop my intervention according to that only. Environmental alterations: Another strategy that I should implement in my nursing practice is the alterations of the environmental surrounding in ways that will reduce the risks of falls largely. Removing clutters on the way of walking, making the room bright, providing hand rails, bed rails and rails in the bathrooms, providing the patient with switches for alarm calls, arranging the patient bed in ways making it near to urinal, telephones and others would be helpful. Moreover, using shoes and slippers with non-skid soles would be also helpful. All these will reduce chances of falls in the patients (Aizenberg et al., 2015). Leadership and management: Effective communication skills is one of the most important leadership trait that every nurses need to follow for effective patience care and safety of patients. Proper communication skills help the nurses to communicate effectively with nurses, patients, family members and other healthcare professionals. This helps in building rapport, developing trust and building healthy relationships. Nurses with proper communication skills can engage in providing and receiving constructive feedback with their colleagues (Derzipp et al., 2016). This helps in solving different issues of the fellow workers and helps in achieving the organizational goals successfully. This also helps in assuring that the multidisciplinary teams will carry out collaborative work where proper coordination will help in ensuring safety and protection of the patients. Technical skills: Another important leadership skill that nurse leaders should be comfortable with is the technological knowledge that is very important in ensuring safe practice by the nursing subordinates, proper evaluation of their efforts, and assuring higher patient satisfaction. Every nurse should ensure that she or he could successfully provide efficient healthcare service with right technology utilization (Thomas, 2015). Some of the technologies that every nurse should be accustomed are the electronic health records, biometrics as well as clinical decision support also called CDS. By the year 2020, technologies will take up a large amount of the commonplace and therefore, the nurses should prepare and arm themselves with the right technical knowledge so that they can prepare the future nurses and train them to develop a technologically developed healthcare system. Reflection: I have noticed that I am introvert and do not have proper verbal communication skills. Therefore, my colleagues take me negatively as they believe me to be suffering from superiority complex. I have not been able to develop relationship with them that might affect patient safety in future. Effective communication skills help in developing rapport with colleagues where all healthcare members will be able to share effective feedback. Feedback sharing would help to develop nursing practice that has positive outcomes on patients health (Riley, 2015). It will help in developing a collaborative environment at work where effective organization, supervision, direction, delegation and effective coordination can be assured while treating patients among all the members. With effective communication skills, I would be able to help other members to be motivated and overcome burning out situations. Therefore, I will take up workshops in the community, admit to training sessions, or take up continu ous professional development courses. I will also read evidence based papers to overcome communication issues. Learning culture within the organization: An optimal workplace culture is considered by researchers to be central for nursing professionals as it helps them to experience valuable as well as relevant learning in the workplace. Working and learning is taken to be an integrated experience in the profession of nursing in healthcare. Learning in the workplace is valuable as it helps in supporting professionals in three aspects- development, scope as well as progression of nursing practice. Learning is also related with the regulatory requirements that are related to the nurses as the professional. Moreover, proper learning culture within the workplace also helps in supporting the implementation of evidence-based practices properly which in turn helps in developing patient outcomes (Newton et al., 2015). Two important outcomes can be noted which will ensure patient safety and satisfaction. A proper learning culture within the organization helps in demonstrating the accountability of the nurses own learning and helps them to under stand the organizational systems in proper ways that provide them with resources, adequate staffing and support. This also ensures encouragement and value of the nurses learning and educations. The second domain is relational dynamics. Proper learning culture ensures that nurses value their senior nurses, peers, mentors, educators, preceptors who facilitate and encourage their professional development. Proper learning also helps the nurses to engage not only with patients but also with members of the healthcare teams ensuring collaborative and coordinated practice (Billet, 2016). Strategies to ensure contributing to a learning culture within organization: I will take part in continuous professional developments at regular intervals. I will be able to develop my knowledge in handling the recent technologies that had been introduced in healthcare services. Using of such technologies will not only reduce stress of handling many activities manually but will also ensure safe practices for the patients resulting in positive outcomes. I will be able to identify my limitations and deficits. This would help me to improve my practices so that I can meet different current standards with the help of different evidence based practices. Training sessions with mentor: The next activity that I will take up is to participate in training sessions where I will work on my communication skills. I will discuss my communication issues with my mentor and follow his guidelines. I will be giving several tests at my training sessions under senior nurse who is the mentor so that my mentor can evaluate my performance. The better I develop my communication skills; I will be able to communicate effectively with peers and patients. This would ensure patient safety and will reduce the chances of miscommunication among healthcare members (Provost et al., 2015). As a result, patient satisfaction would be ensured. Professional practice: Role ambiguity can be defined as the lack of understanding of a nursing professional about his job responsibilities. Here, the individuals cannot understand what factors are expected from the individuals in terms of their job performance. In simple words, nurses remain unsure about what duties they are expected to do by their senior authorities (Provost et al., 2015). Effect on nurses: Nursing professionals who experience role ambiguity are seen to perform at lower levels in comparison to employees who have clear understandings of the requirements. Moreover job stress and jobs dissatisfaction are seen to have positive relationship with role ambiguity. The more the role ambiguity faced by nursing professionals; the more is the job dissatisfaction and job stress. They tend to be burned down often, which have negative impact on patient safety. Researchers are also of the opinion that team effectiveness decreases with the increase of role ambiguity among the professionals (Zhou et al., 2016). Admiring greenery, jogging: One of my favorite hobbies is admiring the greenery of parks, fields and lakes. Therefore, I will try to undertake extensive jogging sessions in the lush green parks that will not only help me to keep myself fit but will also release stress. Ongoing studies show that admiring greenery helps in overcoming stress and feeling happier (Yun-chen Shin-Che, 2018). Therefore, when I will be having morning shift, I will take strolls in the evening. Whenever I will be having evening shifts, I will be taking jogging session in the morning. Therefore, I will be physically fit and mentally happier and fresh (Choi et al., 2016). Spending time with children: Another initiative that I will be undertaking is spending time with the children in my community orphanage. Whenever, I will be getting off from my profession, I will visit the children and spend time with them. I like spending time with them as it releases stress and anxiety form my daily work pressures. Their innocence and mischief at the same time makes me happier and spending time with them acts as stress buster. This will help me to be emotionally well (Lewis Bonner, 2016). References: Aizenberg, D., Weizman, A., Weiss, A., Akopian, M., Amitai, M., Beloosesky, Y. (2015). The association in elderly hospitalized patients, between psychotropic drugs and hip fractures resulting from falls.Experimental aging research,41(5), 546-555. Billett, S. (2016). Learning through health care work: premises, contributions and practices.Medical education,50(1), 124-131. Cen, C. W., Johnson, B. H., Wells, N., Baker, B., Davis, R., Turchi, R. (2016). A Narrative Review of Patient and Family management: The Foundation of the Medical Home.Medical care,54(7), 697. Coppola, A., Sasso, L., Bagnasco, A., Giustina, A., Gazzaruso, C. (2016). The role of patient education in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes: an overview.Endocrine,53(1), 18-27. der Zijpp, T. J., Niessen, T., Eldh, A. C., Hawkes, C., McMullan, C., Mockford, C., ... Seers, K. (2016). A bridge over turbulent waters: illustrating the interaction between managerial leaders and facilitators when implementing research evidence.Worldviews on Evidence?Based Nursing,13(1), 25-31. Graffigna, G., Barello, S. (2015). Patient engagement in healthcare: pathways for effective medical decision making.Neuropsychol. Trends,17, 53-65. Lpez-Soto, P. J., Manfredini, R., Smolensky, M. H., Rodrguez-Borrego, M. A. (2015). 24-hour pattern of falls in hospitalized and long-term care institutionalized elderly persons: a systematic review of the published literature.Chronobiology international,32(4), 548-556. Newton, J. M., Henderson, A., Jolly, B., Greaves, J. (2015). A contemporary examination of workplace learning culture: an ethnomethodology study.Nurse education today,35(1), 91-96. Provost, S. M., Lanham, H. J., Leykum, L. K., McDaniel Jr, R. R., Pugh, J. (2015). Health care huddles: Managing complexity to achieve high reliability.Health care management review,40(1), 2-12. Riley, J. B. (2015).Communication in nursing. Elsevier Health Sciences. Schniepp, R., Wuehr, M., Schlick, C., Huth, S., Pradhan, C., Dieterich, M., ... Jahn, K. (2014). Increased gait variability is associated with the history of falls in patients with cerebellar ataxia.Journal of neurology,261(1), 213-223. Sims, S., Hewitt, G., Harris, R. (2015). Evidence of collaboration, pooling of resources, learning and role blurring in interprofessional healthcare teams: a realist synthesis.Journal of Interprofessional care,29(1), 20-25. Soto-Varela, A., Faraldo-Garca, A., Rossi-Izquierdo, M., Lirola-Delgado, A., Vaamonde-Snchez-Andrade, I., del-Ro-Valeiras, M., ... Santos-Prez, S. (2015). Can we predict the risk of falls in elderly patients with instability?.Auris Nasus Larynx,42(1), 8-14. Thomas, T. (2015).Management and leadership for nurse administrators. Jones Bartlett Publishers. Zhou, Q., Martinez, L. F., Ferreira, A. I., Rodrigues, P. (2016). Supervisor support, role ambiguity and productivity associated with presenteeism: a longitudinal study.Journal of Business Research,69(9), 3380-3387.
Tuesday, March 24, 2020
Friday, March 6, 2020
Sylvia Plath Research Paper Example Sylvia Plath Paper Sylvia Plath Paper Essay Topic: Anne Sexton Poems Sylvia Plath (October 27, 1932 February 1 1, 1963) was an American poet, novelist and short story writer. Born In Boston, Massachusetts, she studied at Smith College and Newnham College, Cambridge, before receiving acclaim as a professional poet and writer. She married fellow poet Ted Hughes in 1956 and they lived together first in the united States and then England, having two children together, Frieda and Nicholas. Plath suffered from depression for much of her adult and in 1963 she committed suicide. 2] Controversy continues to surround the events of her life and death, as well as her writing and legacy. Plath is credited with advancing the genre of confessional poetry and is best known for her two published collections, The Colossus and Other Poemsand Ariel. In 1982, she won a Pulitzer Prize posthumously, for The Collected Poems. She also wrote The Bell Jar, a semi- autobiographical novel published shortly before her death. Plath was born on October 27, 1932, in the Massachusetts Memorial Hospital, in Bostons Jamaica Plain neighborhood.  Her mother, Aurelia Schober Plath (1906- 1994), was a first-generation American of Austrian descent, and her father, Otto Plath (1885-1940b was from Grabow, Germany. ] Plaths father was an entomologist and was professor of biology and German at Boston university; he also authored a book about bumblebees. On April 27, 1935, Plaths brother Warren as born and In 1936 the family moved from 24 Prince Street In Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, to 92 Johnson Avenue, Winthrop, Massachusetts. [81 Plaths mother, Aurelia, had grown up in Winthrop, and her maternal grandparents, the Schobers, had lived in a section of the town called Point Shirley, a location mentioned in Plaths poetry. While living in Winthrop, eight-year-old Plath published her first poem in the Boston Heralds childrens section.  In addition to writing, she showed early promise as an artist, winning an award for her paintings from The Scholastic Art amp; Writing Awards in 1947. 10] Otto Plath died on November 5, 1940, a week and a half after Plaths eighth of complications following the amputation of a foot due to untreated diabetes. Raised as aunltarlan Christian, Plath experienced a loss of faith after her fathers death, and remained ambivalent about religion throughout her Ilfe. He was burled In Winthrop Cemetery; visiting her fathers grave prompted Plath to write the poem Electra on Azalea Path. After his death, Aurelia Plath moved her children and her parents to 26 Elmwood Road, Wellesley, first nine years sealed themselves off like a ship in a bottleÃ ²ÃâÃ¢â¬ beautiful inaccessible, bsolete, a fine, white flying College years  Plath attended Bradford Senior High School (now Wellesley High School) in Wellesley, graduating in 1950.  Smith College, in Northampton, Massachusetts In 1950, Plath attended Smith College and excelled academically. She wrote to her mother, The world is splitting open at my feet like a ripe, Juicy watermelon.  She edited The Smith Review and during the summer after her third year of college Plath was awarded a coveted position as guest editor at Mademoiselle Magazine, during which she spent a month in New York City. 4] The experience was not what she had hoped it would be, and it began a downward spiral. She was furious at not being at a meeting the editor had arranged with Welsh poet Dylan ThomasÃ¢â¬ a writer whom she loved. She hung around the White Horse bar and the Chelsea Hotel for two days hoping to meet Thomas, but he was already on his way home. Many of the events that took place during that summer were later used as inspiration for her novel The Bell Jar. [1 5] During this time she was refused admission to the Harvard writing seminar.  Following electroconvulsive therapy for depression, Plath made her first edically documented suicide attempt in late August 1953 by crawling under her house and taking her mothers sleeping pills. She survived this first suicide attempt after lying unfound in a crawl space for three days, later writing that she blissfully succumbed to the whirling blackness that I honestly believed was eternal oblivion.  She spent the next six months in psychiatric care, receiving more electric and insulin shock treatment under the care of Dr. Ruth Beuscher.  Her stay at McLean Hospital and her Smith scholarship were paid for by Olive Higgins Prouty, ho had successfully recovered from a mental breakdown herself. Plath seemed to make a good recovery and returned to college. In January 1955, she submitted her thesis The Magic Mirror: A Study of the Double in Two of Dostoyevskys Novels and in June, graduated from Smith with highest honors.  She obtained a Fulbright scholarship to Newnham College, Cambridge, in England, where she continued actively writing poetry and publishing her work in the student newspaper Varsity. At Newnham, she studied with Dorothea Krook, whom she held in high regard.  She spent her first year winter and spring holidays traveling around Europe. Career and marriage  Plaths stay at McLean Hospital inspired her novel The Bell Jar In a 1961 BBC interview (now held by the British Library Sound Archive), Plath describes how she met Ted Hughes: I happened to be at Cambridge. I was sent there by the [US] government on a government grant. And Id read some of Teds poems in this magazine and I was very impressed and I wanted to meet him. I went to this little celebration and thats actually where we met Then we saw a great deal of each other. Ted came back to Cambridge and suddenly we found ourselves getting married a few months later We kept writing poems to each other. Then it Just grew out of that, I guess, a feeling that we both were writing so much and having such a fine time doing it, we decided and world-wanderer with a voice like the thunder of The couple married on June 16, 1956, at St George the Martyr Holborn in the London Borough of Camden with Plaths mother in attendance. Plath returned to Newnham in October to begin her second year. In early 1957, Plath and Hughes moved to the United States and from September 1957 Plath taught at Smith College. In the middle of 1958, the couple moved to Boston. Plath took a Job as a receptionist in the psychiatric unit of Massachusetts General Hospital and in the evening took creative writing seminars given by poet Robert Lowell (also attended by the writers Anne Sexton and George Starbuck). Plath and Hughes first met the poet W. S. Merwin, who admired their work and was to remain a lifelong friend. Plath resumed psychoanalytic treatment in December, working with Ruth Beuscher.  Chalcot Square, near Primrose Hill in London, Plath and Hughes home from 1959 Plath and Hughes travelled across Canada and the United States, staying at he Yaddo artist colony in New York State in late 1959. The couple moved back to the United Kingdom in December 1959 and lived in London at 3 Chalcot Square, near the Primrose Hill area of Regents Park. Their daughter Frieda was born on 1 April 1960 and in October, Plath published her first collection of poetry, The Colossus.
Tuesday, February 18, 2020
Car Costs and New Technologies - Essay Example Therefore, it does not look at the welfare of the people and the nation as a whole. On the other hand is the socialist economy. Most of the economists believe that government intervention and holdings are less efficient as they do not answer to the price changes or the change in the demand of the consumers. This is because the government relies on the tax collection for its revenues and less worried about the demand situation (US Department of State, 2010). Ã But still, most of the countries adopt some form of the mixed economy in allocating resources because they believe that both the private and the public sector play an important role. A mixed economy is a blend of free market and socialism. It is an economy that has a lot of freedoms but at the same regulations from the government keep a constant check. Ã The economists of these nations believe that some of the industries are better under the control of the government while others are better off under the supervision of the private entrepreneurs. For example, The development of the infrastructure; road, rail, air, and port, administration of justice, defense of the nation and education is under the control of the government. At the same time, there are certain institutions where the government intervenes in the market to settle out the price levels such as utilities, agriculture, and water. In this way, it regulates these likely monopolies (US Department of State, 2010). For example, Water and Power Development Authority keep a check on the charge of electricity in Pakistan keeping the best interests of the economy at heart. At the same time, the government regulates the private sector by creating standards and policies to guard the consumer interests and increase the welfare of the people.